Noise in the Communication Process - Wisc-Online OER This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Results indicate that richer communication methods, which include non-verbal cues, were positively associated with both overall satisfaction with life and satisfaction with relationships. The Role of Communication. The physical, auditory, emotional, and energetic levels represent how we convey a message. (b) Cultural Differences Cultural differences, both within or outside the organisation (for example, inter-departmental dealings and communication with outside organisations or ethnic minorities) may impede the communication process. It's almost dinnertime, and your in-laws are in town for the evening. The study conducted by Phil Banyard and Jean Underwood in 2007 [2] captured teachers’ perceptions of. 1 The meaning of communication lies in the way that it is received. In layman’s terms, it is a sense-making process where people interpret their environment so to respond appropriately. Barriers are many and can occur anywhere in the communication process. This resource has been compiled to give a general introduction to effective communication for practice educators. They form general perspectives on communication by breaking communication from complex to simple and keeps the components in order. Sender Sender is the idea generating component in communication process. Documents discussed include meeting agendas, meeting notes, status reports and more that can be used to improve team communication. The communication between these processes can be seen as a method of co-operation between them. An intermediary model of communication was the one devised by Katz and Lazarsfeld (1955) and it focuses on the important role held by the intermediaries in the communication process. Communication Medium is a huge topic as there are many different types of way we can communicate information and many ways we can receive information. As I describe those four types of noise, I'll do so from a podcaster's perspective. We take communication for granted. ' Aristotle Communication is "a process by which two or more people exchange ideas, facts, feelings or impressions in ways that each gains a 'common understanding' of meaning, intent and use of a message. However, there are barriers that interfere with good communication. Difference Between Formal and Informal Communication Last updated on November 19, 2018 by Surbhi S Someone said correctly “The very attempt of, not to speak, speaks a lot. Frank Schmitt The purpose of this project is to offer pastors a practical guide in understanding the nonverbal communication process within the ministry setting. This model is specially designed to develop the effective communication between sender and receiver. Some of the factors that can contribute to poor communication between departments are: Departments separated geographically (different buildings, cities, states, etc. Information conveyed nonverbally can be perceived through any of the five senses: sight, sound, smell, touch, and taste. It is what we do in organizations. entire process of communication. Encoding – processing incoming information so it can be entered into memory. Using technology in communication has become a necessity, it's now part of our lives. Communication Planning Communications management is about keeping everybody in the loop. is the process of informing people about potential hazards to their person, property, or community. The process of human communication. This video shows an explanation of the differences between digital and analogue signals using CDs and vinyl records as examples. Niknejad University of California, Berkeley EECS 142 Lecture 12 p. Communication is generally described as a process where a sender, receiver and a medium and a feedback is involved in it. The model was made to establish a propaganda. Types of communication networks in formal communication: Single chain: In this type of network communications flows from every superior to his subordinate Wheel: In this network, all subordinates under one superior communicate through him only. " Viewed loosely, hearing, for example, undoes what speaking does. Communication generally and mass communication in particular has a great deal to serve a diversity of purposes human beings have always wished to achieve. In the process of communication, there may be 'noise' which is called barrier to communication. Communication is the process of sharing ideas, information, and messages with others in a particular time and place. Effective communication results as the perfect execution of the process of communication. principles of communication Communication is a two-way process of giving and receiving information through any number of channels. Back to top. It is the process that links group members and enables them to coordinate their activities. One of the keys to a successful relationship is good communication. The project will bridge research in secular. So, any problem, interference on on hindrance to the process of communication is identified as the barrier to communication. First is the technological imperative, which focuses on how new information and communications technologies (ICT) are developed and what types of ICTs may be more or less likely to be used to innovate political communication. be used for writing a variety of communication materials, such as press materials, talking points, speeches, and social media posts. Every child’s ability to communicate develops gradually over time. There are many different types of symbols to support the communication skills of individuals who do not use speech and are deaf-blind. Effective communication is vital to the successful completion of any construction project. Body Language. Mostly we think that communication only has advantages but there also some disadvantages. Communication happens when information is shared between two people. Using multiple channels (for example, print and electronic communications, orientation and trainings, staff meetings and public addresses) to communicate the importance of a psychologically healthy workplace to employees. However, some forms of communication do not directly involve spoken or written language. As Ahlsen (2005) pointed out “looking at language and communication in. The Importance of Communication Skills in Project Management. Communication is a two-way street. The sender formulates the message to communicate, which is meant for a receiver. These models provide the opportunity to closely examine the roles of teachers, students and the media, libraries, archives and other information providers in the classroom. Amateur broadcasting began around 1914, commercial broadcasting didn't hit the air waves until 1920. When communication breaks down, misunderstandings develop, rumors start, silos are created, and effectively reaching a desired outcome becomes further out of reach. In It Takes Two to Talk®, the Hanen parent guidebook, we divide early communication and language development into four stages:. It is an important part of building a. Most of the time, this requires action on the recipient's part. Nonverbal: That which is not voiced or written. A Rhetorical Process Model of Communication can serve as a paradigm for analyzing typical organizational processes. By utilizing all three types of communication, a speaker ensures he or she has the necessary tools to avoid miscommunication and misconceptions. Chatsworth Consulting Group CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS FOR EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION INTRODUCTION Most issues are essentially about communication. There is no meaning in a message except what people put into it. The word communication is derived from the Latin word, communis, which means common. The Importance of the Organizational Culture Concept Organizational culture may be an important concept for a few reasons. Nonverbal communication describes the process of conveying meaning in the form of non-word messages. The first model developed to explain the communication process was the linear model of communication (see Figure 1. Once communication is over and processes. Being proactive requires having a process for communicating information that members and donors have an interest in. Communicative Functions or Purposes of Communication. Communication compliance policies can detect policy matches and help you take corrective actions to help mitigate these types of incidents. It recognizes that both people involved in the interaction are communicators, and instead of the process illustrated as linear, it becomes circular in its function. Manipulative. There are many different classification systems available for looking at the purposeful uses of communication. Vertical, Horizontal, and Diagonal Communications Communication can be characterized as vertical, horizontal, or diagonal. This section describes the components of a communication plan, how you choose the communication methods appropriate for your project, and how to create a communication plan. Communication is successful only when both the sender and the receiver understand the same information. The effective communication process is highly significant for the health and social care sector. In the model, Schramm shown as Aristotle did, that communication always requires three elements - the source, the message and the destination. Whether it’s a coffee room conversation about your weekend, a quick update email to your team about a change in process, or a Facebook status update celebrating the arrival of Friday, we are sending messages. the exchange of a medium or a message is known as communication. The first AgTech Africa will address implementations in the farm, field and supply chain, and showcase use cases from investors, agribusiness companies, plantation owners, startups and innovative technology developers. The sender has some kind of information—a command, request, question, or idea—that he or she wants to present to others. Empathy and communication. " This definition emphasizes four important points: 1. No matter what the reasons are for communication, it should be for a purpose. Discussing communication in terms of sender-receiver implies one-way communication. A stakeholder could be anyone from your boss, a client, customer, co-worker, subordinate, upper management, board member, interviewer, or job candidate. Listening types can be defined by the goal of the listening. * Communication Breakdowns *. Some types of messages are clearly confirming, others clearly disconfirming, and others lie in more neutral territory. As mediators, lawyers, and their clients gain more experience with mediation, fewer and fewer types of disputes will seem less amenable to the process. However, when a brand wants to communicate with their customers, then the communication takes another form. Message > Noise > Feedback c. Perhaps the most time-honored form of communication is storytelling. TYPES OF COMMUNICATION 2. Think that you are in conversation with your friend. One device. Communication will be interpreted in different ways based on the general feeling of the audience as well as the zeitgeist of the time. The standard methods of communication are speaking or writing by a sender and listening or reading the receiver. The results for the study were obtained using a web-based questionnaire. To this end the course?s objectives are: All students at BCA on completion of the Communication Skills course should be able to:. It is a two-way process and takes Place over time rather than instantaneously. This means that both the person communicating and the person being communicated to have to participate. The two-way communication process involves sending a message down the chain of command and transmitting a response containing information, ideas, and feelings back up the chain. We communicate in order to elicit some type of response. communication and ways to improve communication effectiveness. The repeat-back process – sometimes referred to as three-way communication – is also used in the electrical utility industry, typically in situations when workers are not face to face and must talk to each other via radio, telephone or similar technology. You might want to have our glossary handy, or you might want to head to The Communication Process article for a quick review. At its most basic level, Integrated Marketing Communications, or IMC, as we’ll call it, means integrating all the promotional tools, so that they work together in harmony. communication is like chain process, made up of identifiable links. Transactional Model of Communication. Sometimes we may not know the exact name of those but we use them basically almost every time. According to numerous research studies, for your entire life you have spent about 75 per sent of each day engaged in communication. Communication is a complex struggle. This process refers to the intrinsic ability to recognize patterns and associations within bodies of data. The message can be written, oral, symbolic or non-verbal such as body gestures, silence, sighs, sounds, etc. If there is a little carelessness in this process, the faulty translation can be a barrier in the. GEORGIA BRONI Technological Institute of Western Macedonia Greece [email protected] There are two types of verbal communication: Oral communication and written communication. There are seven major components of the communication process: 1. Communication is a two-way street. Communicative Functions or Purposes of Communication. Communication is, therefore, a two way process, that is, the ability to receive is as important as the ability to send. According to Jakobson, any act of verbal communication is composed of six elements, or factors (the terms of the model): (1) a context (the co-text, that is, the other verbal signs in the same message, and the world in which the message takes place), (2) an addresser (a sender, or enunciator ), (3) an addressee (a receiver, or enunciatee), (4. The “communication problems” that emerge from decision making issues tend to be around an inability to adequately articulate the type of pond scum that best describes the other guy. Above all, remember that communication is a two-way process. supporting mutually satisfying communications, communication mastery, and manifesting your stated intentions. Classroom communication exists in three categories: verbal, nonverbal, and written. communication process. Research generally suggests that this type of communication is influential in changing opinions, dealing with resistance and apathy to issues, and generally maintaining harmony in social situations – more so than its opposite, mass communication. An effectual communication is one which is properly followed by the ‘receiver of the message and his feedback is known to the ‘sender’ or transmitter. The first major model for communication was developed in 1948 by Claude Elwood Shannon and published with an introduction by Warren Weaver for Bell Laboratories. communication verbal Non-verbal Formal Informal Kinesic Downward Upward Lateral Diagonal Grapevine Types of Communication. The communication media acts as a channel for linking various computing devices so that they may interact with each other. You are a sender or communicator, formulate (encode) an idea or message as best as you can, and pass on the message to your friend, who to the best of his ability receives or acts on the message (decode). “Communication plays one of the most important roles in the manager’s success and the efficiency of organisations” (Maviş, 2001: 127). So, communication means understanding what others are saying and also being understood when we are talking. It is a process where we try as clearly and accurately as we can, to convey our thoughts, intentions and objectives. It is the act of sharing of ideas, facts, opinions, thoughts, messages or emotions to other people, in and out the organisation, with the use of the channel to create mutual understanding and confidence. The Intranet is of course one of the most used types of communication medium and a very important communication channel and work tool for you as a manager, but it is also your job to help your employees prioritise and pick out the information on the Intranet, as well as translating messages into local consequences. It may be transmitted orally, by the written word or by the use of body language. The message can be written, oral, symbolic or non-verbal such as body gestures, silence, sighs, sounds, etc. Most important nature or characteristics of communication are listed below: Nature and Characteristics 1. Hurdles or problems which affect the transmission of information in the communicative process are called ‘communication barriers’. Different sorts of behaviour and language are characteristic of each. There are four main types of communication: written, verbal, nonverbal and visual. HLTEN502B Apply effective communication skills in nursing practice Modification History Not Applicable Unit Descriptor Descriptor This competency unit describes the skills and knowledge required for effective communication in complex communication situations and its application to nursing practice; the function and purpose of small groups;. Documents discussed include meeting agendas, meeting notes, status reports and more that can be used to improve team communication. Models show the process metaphorically and in symbols. The information may be written or spoken, professional or social, personal or impersonal to name a few possibilities. The model was made to establish a propaganda. Over time, you'll find that avoiding these common communication mistakes will greatly enhance the quality of your messages, your reputation, your working relationships, and your job satisfaction. Types of Communication. It is a two-way process and takes Place over time rather than instantaneously. In communication theory, noise refers to common factors that undermine effective communication and disrupt it. The importance of communication could be stated as under : a) Communication is the basis for decision making and planning. All Communication has content and relationship dimensions. This communication process is divided into three basic components: A sender transmits a message through a channel to the receiver. Have you ever had a conversation with someone who couldn't speak your language? It is possible!. , and sho wn in the diagram below. Stages of the listening process explained Communication Articles | October 5, 2009 There are six basic stages of the listening process: hearing, attending, understanding, remembering, evaluating, and responding. Three things are most important and essential in any communication process they are Sender, Receiver and the Channel (medium). CHAPTER 3 Marketing communication 80 Figure 3. Communication will be interpreted in different ways based on the general feeling of the audience as well as the zeitgeist of the time. As soon as the blame starts, effective communication ends and the power struggle is only a matter of time away. Often information must be transmitted from one location to another. Two managers from different departments hold a meeting to discuss how their departments will work together to process a major shipment. This assessment process should lead to creating a Crisis Response Plan that is an exact fit for your organization, one that includes both operational and communications components. This process allows millions of cells to communicate and work together to perform. Types of. Mostly we think that communication only has advantages but there also some disadvantages. Communication Communication means transferring thoughts, information, emotion and ideas through gesture, voice, symbols, signs and expressions from one person to another. The process of communication begins with the ‘source’ also known as the ‘Sender’. please take the time to submit a review at the end. There are four main types of communication including:. It can make or break the communication process. Types of Communication. The Elements of Communication: A Theoretical Approach December 13, 2013 by Will Gemma Whether in a marketing strategy, a client-server model, or just day-to-day conversation, communicating effectively is an amalgamation of art and science. The needs of two people (or many) are involved rather than just the needs of one. As both are type of verbal communication but they differs from each other and these contrasts are explained below. Over time, you'll find that avoiding these common communication mistakes will greatly enhance the quality of your messages, your reputation, your working relationships, and your job satisfaction. It entails the process of creating meaning. It is an essential step of communication without which communication process is incomplete. Back to top. Different communication channels are more or less effective at transmitting different kinds of information. When employees feel that they are well informed of the company’s direction and vision, they will feel more secure within their role. furniture or garments, all from the time under study); * Sound recordings (e. Researchers behind a new analysis argue that the books that we have access to may shape the ways in which our brains process and organize language. Communication Models Communication Models are conceptual models used to explain the human communication process. In human communication, sender may be a person or persons who create or formulate the message to be sent to the receiver. Change management, Communication, IT Service Management (ITSM), ITIL, Processes, Requirements, Skills Being able to break through jargon is vital for effective communication, particularly when dealing with people who have little or no technical background. The number of crosspoints increases as N 2 and yet only a maximum of N crosspoints can be active at any given time. The importance of an open business environment cannot be overstated; a company can survive without open communication, but very few organizations thrive without it. On glocal Communication. These are always being updated so check back often! Mass Communication Theories: Agenda Setting - M. docx, is available in the Chapter 11 folder on the companion website. Noise can derail any chance of meaningful conversation. Each day, we talk to co-workers, customers, family, and friends without thinking too much about whether our communication styles are successful. Perhaps the most time-honored form of communication is storytelling. An example of this type of communication might be the father stating, "The youth of today are very lazy. The Listening Process Listening within the work context is the process by which you gain an understanding of the needs, demands, and preferences of your stakeholders through direct interaction. (noun) Mailing a letter to a friend, sending an email to a co-worke. COMMUNICATION AND HUMAN RELATIONS:Process of communication, Improving gender barriers to communication CONFLICT RESOLUTION:WHY SO MUCH CONFLICT EXISTS, TECHNIQUES FOR RESOLVING CONFLICTS: ORGANIZATIONAL COMMUNICATION:To improve listening skills, Types of organizational communication >>. Empathy is vital for good communication. It consists of a sender, a receiver and channel of communication. A communication process is defined as information that is shared with the intent that the receiver understands the message that the business intended to send. Contemporary communication media facilitate communication and data exchange among a large number of individuals across long distances via email, teleconferencing, internet forums and many other forms of communication. "Garbage in, garbage out," is a popular truth, often said in relation to computer systems: if you put the wrong information in, you'll get the wrong information out. When employees are better informed about where the business is going, they may be inclined to be more loyal. It is what we do in organizations. Interpersonal Communication. Types of Communication Channels In order for employers to maximize their messaging strategy, they need to understand which communication channels are most effective at reaching their employees. network as the primary means of communication. while acknowledging that the concept of process is still poorly defined in research protocols, wrote, “The notion of process involves, at least, some time dimension which means that the characteristics, causes, and consequences of some communication act are subject to change over the life of the act” (p. Physical Barriers. , exposure, reach, knowledge, attitudes, etc. In this activity, students practice recognizing the different types of noise in the communication process. Change management, Communication, IT Service Management (ITSM), ITIL, Processes, Requirements, Skills Being able to break through jargon is vital for effective communication, particularly when dealing with people who have little or no technical background. Good communication can improve teamwork and lead to better project collaboration. Also they find factors which affecting the communication process called “Noise”. Over time, you'll find that avoiding these common communication mistakes will greatly enhance the quality of your messages, your reputation, your working relationships, and your job satisfaction. In this Guide, we will cover the seven types of barriers to effective communication. Communication Planning Communications management is about keeping everybody in the loop. the transfer of information and understanding from one person to another person. 9 These include printed materials, media campaigns, community outreach, and interpersonal communication. or any other signal that triggers the response of a receiver. This is because PM&E. Communication systems sell information capacity, as power systems sell energy. Types of Linear Communications. Vertical, Horizontal, and Diagonal Communications Communication can be characterized as vertical, horizontal, or diagonal. The Role of Communication. Types of Communication in Organization. The physical, auditory, emotional, and energetic levels represent how we convey a message. Shanon and Weaver's Information Theory Model: This model shows that the communication process begins from the brain of the sender. This message must be conveyed through some medium to the recipient. For communication to be effective, a two-way process must exist so the sender knows whether the message has been understood. Documents discussed include meeting agendas, meeting notes, status reports and more that can be used to improve team communication. For two-way communication two pipes are needed. Schedule the communication topics in accordance with your improvement process deployment plan. Crosswise communication consists of two types of information flows, horizontal flow and diagonal flow. The needs of two people (or many) are involved rather than just the needs of one. Ineffective communication can always occur and lead to communication breakdown as both parties fail to deliver or process the received message. Despite the importance of the communication process, but it suffers from a set of obstacles, and we will identify through the following lines of this article on the main obstacles to the process of communication, and disposal methods only prefer dear reader to follow up. Physiological Noise. Different Types of Communication Process 1. Through a friendly tone, a personal question, or simply a smile, you will encourage your coworkers to engage in open and honest communication with you. There are five of these types of barriers to effective communication, including: Attitudinal Barriers, Behavioral Barriers, Cultural Barriers, Language Barriers and Environment Barriers. Risk communication is an integral part of the risk assessment An organized process used to describe and estimate the likelihood of adverse health outcomes from environmental exposures to chemicals. The Solution : Define governance bodies and mechanisms for major decisions, and decision making authorities within business processes and daily operations. Communication starts with the sender, who is the initiator of the message. Interpersonal. Communication skills: persuasion, audience analysis Know Your Audience You can't persuade your listeners if you don't know much about them. You might want to have our glossary handy, or you might want to head to The Communication Process article for a quick review. Individuals that follow the communication process will have the opportunity to become more productive in every aspect of their profession. Contemporary marketing. Generated information is not useful in itself. "Garbage in, garbage out," is a popular truth, often said in relation to computer systems: if you put the wrong information in, you'll get the wrong information out. Noise can be external (a physical sound) or internal (a mental disturbance), and it can disrupt the communication process at any point. Seven Communication Principles To compose effective message you need to apply certain specific communication principles. Most of the time, this requires action on the recipient's part. communication; the most effective channels of internal communication; and sugges- tions for the improvement of GoldenMoments Ltd. This process refers to the intrinsic ability to recognize patterns and associations within bodies of data. The linear communication model explains the process of one-way communication, whereby a sender transmits a message and a receiver absorbs it. Top 7 communication barriers at workplace (Benefits of effective communication) Communication skills are a must for every employee of an organization. What is communication ? The word communication has originated from a Latin word “Communes” which means something common. Another aspect of communication is the deployment of a code consisting of arbitrarily evolved symbols and the determination of the appropriateness of their use in given situations, leading to the emergence of diverse communication patterns. Disciplines > Communication > Transactional Model of Communication. It is a two-way process and takes Place over time rather than instantaneously. Technical Communication - The process of conveying information about technology to a target audience. The intention of the Communication Skills course and this textbook is to provide students new to tertiary education, with the prerequisite language skills required to excel in the higher education environment. Although we usually identify communication with speech, communication is composed of two dimensions - verbal and nonverbal. The more extensive types of communication skills and list of communication skills linked at the beginning of this article can also be helpful to facilitate delving in more deeply. Contributed by Beverly Vicker, CCC-SLP. The Elements of Communication: A Theoretical Approach December 13, 2013 by Will Gemma Whether in a marketing strategy, a client-server model, or just day-to-day conversation, communicating effectively is an amalgamation of art and science. On the other hand, nonverbal communication utilizes methods that do not involve words, such as signals, drawings, and symbols. This process may seem cumbersome, but it results in more clear and accurate communication. Communication is presented as a linear, one-way process Osgood and Schramm developed it into a more circular model Shannon and Weaver make a distinction between source and transmitter, and receiver and destination – ie there are two functions at the transmitting end and two at the receiving end. Find and save ideas about Communication activities on Pinterest. Failure of a single crosspoint prevents communication between the two devices sharing that crosspoint. Linear Model of Communication. The sender has some kind of information—a command, request, question, or idea—that he or she wants to present to others. The recipient's computer receives and stores the message almost instantaneously after it is sent. As mediators, lawyers, and their clients gain more experience with mediation, fewer and fewer types of disputes will seem less amenable to the process. However, there are barriers that interfere with good communication. This person helps you write better technical documents, white papers, release notes and other types of documentation. It requires people to really understand each other and all organization rely on effective communication for efficiency. Good communication is not just a process of transferring information from one entity to another. Some words mean different things to people depending on background or culture. Different communication channels are more or less effective at transmitting different kinds of information. It consists of a sender, a receiver and channel of communication. Oral communication is not only time saving, but it also saves upon money and efforts. The Communication Process Communicating critical information in a clear fashion is an important skill to reach a shared understanding of issues and solutions. Communication Definition: Communication is the process of transmitting information from one person to another. The following is a brief analysis of the important steps of the process of communication. The importance of communication could be stated as under : a) Communication is the basis for decision making and planning. Bringing all the Levels of Communication Together. There are three basic types of communication: verbal, non-verbal, and written. In addition, despite increased access to technology, other forms of communication are essential to ensuring that everyone, including non-web users, is able to obtain, process, and understand health information to make good health decisions. 9 Selection Criteria 1/20. 2 Persuasion The act of persuasion is as old as man. Mass Communication (non-interactive) Computer Mediated Communication (interactive) Communication Universals. Communication is thus a process by which meaning is assigned and conveyed in an attempt to create shared understanding. We value communication as meaningful for a wider public and an instrument of change in our community. However, when a brand wants to communicate with their customers, then the communication takes another form. The sender sends the message and is known as the communicator. There are seven of these types of barriers to effective communication. 1 Communication Process. Interpersonal Communication. Communication may be defined as a process concerning exchange of facts or ideas between persons holding different positions in an organisation to achieve mutual harmony. communication is like chain process, made up of identifiable links. They form general perspectives on communication by breaking communication from complex to simple and keeps the components in order. communication, there are always these two components to the message— the content and a statement about the relationship. The Elements of Communication: A Theoretical Approach December 13, 2013 by Will Gemma Whether in a marketing strategy, a client-server model, or just day-to-day conversation, communicating effectively is an amalgamation of art and science. Understanding Risk Communication Theory: A Guide for Emergency Managers and Communicators 4 Identifying factors that affect how publics recover from risks that can be incorporated into risk resolution messages (CAUSE model; precautionary adoption process model); and. Communication definition is - a process by which information is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, signs, or behavior; also : exchange of information. Communicative Functions or Purposes of Communication. what you're talking about (your content). Horizontal flow refers to the flow of information among people at the same or similar organizational levels, whereas diagonal flow refers to the flow of information among persons at different levels, who have no direct reporting relationships. Effective communication may contribute to organizational success in many ways. Types of. Bottom line, we are tying to sell the recipients to perform a desired action. [1] The big question now is what kind of repetition is needed. Thus the process is an exchange. THREE MODES OF COMMUNICATION Interpersonal Interpretive Presentational Two -way communication with active negotiation of meaning among individuals One -way communication with no recourse to the active negotiation of meaning with the writer, speaker, or producer One -way communication intended for an audience of readers, listeners, or. Communication can be: 1. Communication will be interpreted in different ways based on the general feeling of the audience as well as the zeitgeist of the time. The quality of people's everyday lives depends in important ways on the groups to which they belong.